What’s New in Essentials of Oceanography, 10th Edition?

Publication Date: March 2010, © 2011

Major improvements to Essentials of Oceanography, 10th Edition include:

bulletAddition of a new chapter on "The Oceans and Climate Change" (Chapter 16), which includes some existing material from Chapters 5, 6, 7, and 10 as well as much new material
bulletAn improved illustration package of new photos, satellite images, and figures to make oceanographic topics more accessible and interesting
bulletStandardization of all graphs to make them more appealing and consistent throughout
bulletAddition of a new summary section at the beginning of each chapter entitled "Chapter at a Glance" that highlights the most important points of each chapter
bulletNew icons in the text that link to Pearson’s Geoscience Animations Library, which include state-of-the-art computer animations that have been created by Al Trujillo and a panel of geoscience educators
bulletCreation of a suite of new geoscience animations that help students visualize some of the most challenging oceanographic concepts, including the following animations that have been specifically designed for this edition:
bullet Flipping of Earth's Magnetic Field
bullet Sonar and Echolocation
bullet Turbidity Currents and the Formation of Graded Bedding
bullet Tidal Patterns
bullet Summertime/Wintertime Beach Conditions
bullet Movement of Sand in a Beach Compartment
bullet Movement of a Barrier Island in Response to Rising Sea Level
bulletAddition of links to Web videos that show various oceanographic processes in action
bulletAddition of Encounter Earth call-outs that illustrate interesting oceanographic features with interactive online maps
bulletUpdating of information throughout the text to include some of the most recent developments in oceanography such as recent satellite missions and deep-ocean observations
bulletGreater emphasis on the ocean’s role in Earth systems
bulletFeature boxes—several of them new—have been reorganized around the following four themes:
Historical Features: These boxes focus on historical developments in oceanography that tie into chapter topics
Research Methods in Oceanography: These boxes highlight how oceanographic knowledge is obtained
Oceans and People: These boxes illustrate the interaction of humans and the ocean environment
Focus on the Environment: These boxes emphasize environmental issues, which are an increasingly important component of the book
bulletMigration of several existing feature boxes and tables to the Online Study Guide
bulletExpanded end-of-chapter "Review Exercises" and "Critical Thinking Questions" sections to help students test their knowledge
bulletAll text in the chapters has been thoroughly reviewed and edited in a continued effort to refine the style and clarity of the writing

Specific chapter-by-chapter changes in Essentials of Oceanography, 10th Edition:

Chapter 1: Introduction to Planet "Earth"

bulletUpdating of information about the peopling of the Pacific based on new archeological findings
bulletExpansion of information about the status of Pluto as a dwarf planet
bulletInclusion of better graphics to show the internal structure of Earth
bulletUpdating of information about Charles Darwin based on special publications commemorating the anniversary of his birth and the publication of Origin of Species
bulletInclusion of newly revised dates and terminology on the geologic time scale
bulletMigration of 2 existing feature boxes to the Online Study Guide

Chapter 2: Plate Tectonics and the Ocean Floor

bulletExpanded information about Earth’s historic magnetic reversals, including a new figure showing the location of Earth’s magnetic field and its movement over time
bulletInclusion of new photos of divergent plate boundaries (East African Rift Valley) and convergent plate boundaries (Himalaya Mountains)
bulletUpdated information about the importance of partial melting at convergent plate boundaries
bulletInclusion of the new theory on the formation of coral atolls controlled by alternating global sea level height due to glaciation
bulletAn expanded explanation of the Wilson cycle of ocean basin evolution
bulletMigration of 1 existing table to the Online Study Guide

Chapter 3: Marine Provinces

bulletAddition of a new box "Recovering Oceanographic Equipment Stuck in Lava" based on recent research expeditions along the East Pacific Rise
bulletAdditional information on multibeam sonar, turbidity currents, trenches/volcanic arcs, and transform faults/fracture zones
bulletMigration of 2 existing feature boxes and 1 existing table to the Online Study Guide

Chapter 4: Marine Sediments

bulletThe layout of the chapter and its relationship to Table 4.1 is better explained
bulletThe section on events revealed by sea floor sediments (paleoceanography, ocean drilling) has been moved to the beginning of the chapter
bulletInclusion of better graphics in the summary of pelagic and neritic deposits
bulletMigration of 1 existing feature box to the Online Study Guide

Chapter 5: Water and Seawater

bulletAddition of better graphics for illustrating the important properties of water
bulletInformation about the recent increase of ocean acidity including the ocean’s historical/projected pH and dissolved carbon dioxide content has been moved to Chapter 16, "The Oceans and Climate Change"
bulletAddition of new graphs showing the ocean’s pycnocline and thermocline more clearly
bulletUpdated information about seawater desalination
bulletMigration of 1 existing feature box and 1 existing table to the Online Study Guide

Chapter 6: Air–Sea Interaction

bulletAddition of new information about hurricanes, including Hurricane Ike in 2008
bulletInclusion of two new "Students Sometimes Ask…" questions about space vehicle launches and the naming of the horse latitudes
bulletAddition of new information on about offshore wind farms including a new global map of ocean wind energy potential
bulletSections about global warming, the greenhouse effect, Arctic sea ice decline, increased hurricane activity, and the ATOC experiment have been moved to Chapter 16, "The Oceans and Climate Change"
bulletMigration of 1 existing feature box and 1 existing table to the Online Study Guide

Chapter 7: Ocean Circulation

bulletExpanded coverage of the Indian Ocean monsoons including new satellite maps
bulletInclusion of the new names of gyres
bulletUpdated information about the Argo program, surface currents, El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO), the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO), and power from ocean currents
bulletInformation about climate change and its affect on deep-ocean circulation has been moved to Chapter 16, "The Oceans and Climate Change"
bulletMigration of 2 existing feature boxes and 2 existing tables to the Online Study Guide

Chapter 8: Waves and Water Dynamics

bulletInclusion of updated information about the 2004 and 2006 Indian Ocean tsunamis as well as new information about the 2007 Solomon Islands tsunami
bulletAdditional information about rogue waves, including new images
bulletExpansion of information about wave power, particularly from wave farms
bulletMigration of 1 existing feature box to the Online Study Guide

Chapter 9: Tides

bulletExpanded description of Newton’s universal law of gravitation as it relates to tidal forces, including the mathematical equation and a new image to describe the process
bulletAddition of two new "Students Sometimes Ask…" questions about what Earth would be like with no moon and why various regions of Earth experience different tidal patterns
bulletUpdated information about tidal power
bulletMigration of 1 existing table to the Online Study Guide

Chapter 10: The Coast: Beaches and Shoreline Processes

bulletClarification of the mechanism of longshore transport and use of the equivalent terms beach drift and littoral drift
bulletAddition of a new "Students Sometimes Ask…" question about the amount of sand that is transported by longshore drift
bulletInclusion of a new photo showing beach nourishment
bulletMaterial on global warming and sea level change has been moved to Chapter 16, "The Oceans and Climate Change"

Chapter 11: The Coastal Ocean

bulletInclusion of a new section and additional information on coastal wetlands, particularly wetland loss
bulletUpdated information about oil spills and their affect in the marine environment
bulletExpanded information about plastics in the ocean, including a discussion of the Eastern Pacific Garbage Patch and existing MARPOL (marine pollution) regulations
bulletAddition of a new section on Biologic Pollution: Non-Native Species including relevant examples

Chapter 12: Marine Life and the Marine Environment

bulletInclusion of new information about the process of lateral gene transfer
bulletAddition of a new "Students Sometimes Ask…" question about which group of organisms has the most species on Earth
bulletExpanded description of Linnaean taxonomic classification including a new figure
bulletUpdated information about the number of world species (now 1.8 million)
bulletMigration of 1 existing feature box to the Online Study Guide

Chapter 13: Biological Productivity and Energy Transfer

bulletUpdated material on ocean eutrophication and the dead zone
bulletThe section on symbiosis has been moved to Chapter 14
bulletExpanded coverage about marine fisheries, including several new figures, a new section of deep-water fisheries, and a new box "Fishing Lower on the Food Chain: Seeing Is Believing" with photographic evidence of the impact of fishing
bulletMigration of 2 existing feature boxes to the Online Study Guide

Chapter 14: Animals of the Pelagic Environment

bulletThe section on symbiosis has been moved to this chapter from Chapter 13
bulletAddition of a new "Students Sometimes Ask…" question about the world’s largest and smallest fish
bulletExpanded coverage about the evolution of whales
bulletAddition of a new section about whaling and the International Whaling Commission

Chapter 15: Animals of the Benthic Environment

bulletExpanded detail about organism adaptations in the rocky intertidal zone
bulletAddition of new "Students Sometimes Ask…" question about the largest lobster ever caught
bulletExpanded coverage on coral reefs and deep-sea hydrothermal vent biocommunities
bulletMigration of 1 existing feature box to the Online Study Guide

Chapter 16: The Oceans and Climate Change

bulletCreation of an entire new chapter to address this important environmental issue
bulletMovement of some material from Chapters 5, 6, 7, and 10
bulletInclusion of a feature box about the ATOC experiment that was formerly in Chapter 6
bulletUp-to-date graphics, illustrations, and information (including the 2009 Copenhagen Climate Conference) to help explain why this human-caused issue is such a great concern for the marine environment

Afterword

bulletA new figure on world population and the addition of overpopulation as an environmental issue
bulletInclusion of updated information about ocean policy and Marine Protected Areas (MPAs), including a new map showing the world’s MPAs

On the Online Study Guide:

bulletUpdated testing modules with questions written by author Al Trujillo and reviewed by Adjunct Professor Glen Foss
bulletAn extensive suite of 45 Web animations, including assessments
bulletNew Web Videos, which are links to some of the best short oceanographic video clips on the Web.
bulletEncounter Ocean activities, using Google Earth.
bulletFourteen boxes and seven tables from the previous edition have been migrated to the Online Study Guide

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