This is the same study guide that you have in your Course Packet. The answers are in red.

Greek vs. Roman

Painting

 

Greek

Roman

Subject matter:

Mythology, athletics, daily life. Mythology, architectural scenes, nature.

Style:

black- and red-figured vase painting Illusionistic wall painting, naturalism.

Example:

Janson: Exekias, Dionysos in a Boat.
Kissick: Exekias, The Suicide of Ajax.
Janson: Ixion Room, House of the Vettii, Pompeii.
Kissick: Villa of the Mysteries, Pompeii.

Sculpture

 

Greek

Roman

Subject matter:

Mythology, athletics. Emperors, historical events, real people.

Style:

Archaic: stiff, blocky. Classical: idealized. Hellenistic: idealized and naturalistic (variety). People naturalistic, emperors idealized.

Example:

Janson: Polykleitos, Doryphoros.
Kissick: Polyclitus, Doryphorus.
Janson: Augustus of Primaporta.
Kissick: A Patrician Holding Portrait Heads of His Ancestors.

Architecture

 

Greek

Roman

Construction method/material:

Post and lintel/marble. True arch (barrel/groin vaults)/concrete.

Preferred architectural order:

Doric, Ionic. Corinthian.

Most famous temple:

Parthenon. Pantheon.

Dedicated to:

Athena. "All the gods" (7 planetary gods).

Location:

Athens. Rome.

Ceremonies took palace:

Outside, in front of temple. Inside.

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