This is the same study guide that you have in your Course Packet.

Post-Impressionists

 

Van Gogh

Gauguin

 Seurat

 Cézanne

Subjects:

Landscapes, still lifes (sunflowers, irises), interiors, portraits, self-portraits. Landscapes and people in Brittany and later Tahiti, self-portraits, religious scenes, symbolic elements. Park settings, circus, dance halls, bathers. Still lifes, Mont. St.-Victoire, landscapes, bathers.

Style:

Dynamic, agitated, swirling brushstrokes. Bright, sometimes arbitrary color; used color to express certain moods or feelings (ex.: blue = spirituality). Rich, sometimes arbitrary color, dark flowing outlines. Pointillism technique (small dots of pure color), repetitive forms (verticals, horizontals, up-turned lines), very organized and studied compositions. Short, controlled brushstrokes reveal his belief that everything in nature was based on geometric shapes; simplified forms, contours outlined; composition broken-up into wedges of color.

Quote:

"Instead of trying to render what I see before me, I use color in a completely arbitrary way in order to express myself powerfully." "A meter of green is greener than a centimeter if you wish to express greeness....How does that tree look to you? Green? All right then, use green, the greenest on your palette. And that shadow, a little bluish? Don't be afraid. Paint it as blue as you can." "If, with the experience of art, I have been able to find scientifically the law of pictorial color, can I not discover an equally logical, scientific and pictorial system to compose harmoniously the lines of a picture just as I can compose its colors?" "Treat nature in terms of the cylinder, the sphere, the cone, everything in proper perspective so that each side of an object or a plane is directed towards a central point."

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