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"Archaeology: Cave Beneath the Sea"

1. The underwater Cosquer cave was named after __________.

A) The prehistoric painter who signed the works, Gorg Cosquer.
B) The French president, François Cosquer.
C) Its discoverer, Henri Cosquer.
D) The nearby body of water, the Cosquer Sea.

2. When was Cosquer cave discovered?

A) 1897.
B) 1907.
C) 1985.
D) 1996.

3. Many of the painted animals in Cosquer cave, such as horses, deer and bison, were familiar. Others were more exotic, such as the long-extinct giant, Irish elk and the Auk, a __________.

A) Giant, Irish Setter.
B) Saber-toothed chipmunk.
C) Woolly pig.
D) Flightless sea-bird.

4. The crystallized, calcite drippings that cover the lines of etchings and paintings in Cosquer cave prove that the paintings __________.

A) Were painted by left-handed artists.
B) Are genuine.
C) Are fakes.
D) Were covered by calcite for protection by the prehistoric painters.

5. Radiocarbon dating shows that the animal paintings in Cosquer cave were created after the __________ paintings.

A) Landscape.
B) Naked.
C) Foot.
D) Hand.

6. During the __________, people were primarily hunters and gatherers.

A) Ice Age.
B) Dinosaur Age.
C) Cave Age.
D) Egyptian period.

7. One of the theories put forth to explain cave paintings is that prehistoric men would cast spells on animals by __________ on the cave walls.

A) Killing their symbols.
B) Urinating.
C) Pasting animal skins.
D) Painting their pets.

8. What else may the painted animals on cave walls have represented, besides just a meal for prehistoric people?

A) Animals that had been domesticated.
B) The various seasons in which the animals first made their appearance.
C) The various emotions associated with the animals.
D) Prehistoric sports teams, such as the Cosquer Auks and the Lascaux Bison.

9. By observing __________, French prehistorian Michel Lorblanchet gained insights into the technique of blowing pigment onto the wall to create paintings.

A) Politicians.
B) Abstract Expressionists.
C) Blowfish.
D) Australian, aboriginal rock painters.

10. What is the site of the greatest cave art sanctuary of them all?

A) Lascaux.
B) Cosquer.
C) Egypt.
D) Stonehenge.

11. Some 275 cave painting sites are known, concentrated mainly in southern France and northern __________.

A) California.
B) England.
C) Spain.
D) Russia.

12. Some people believe the missing finger joints visible in some prehistoric hand prints are the result of disease or frostbite, while others believe the "missing" fingers are really __________.

A) A form of hunting sign language.
B) Part of a mutilation cult.
C) The result of machinery accidents.
D) Evidence of carnivorous cave plants.

13. Most Ice Age people were lucky to survive into their __________.

A) 30s.
B) 40s.
C) 50s.
D) 60s.

14. The French Navy has blocked the entrance to Cosquer cave to protect both the fragile art and __________.

A) The priceless calcite drippings.
B) Henri Cosquer's privacy, since the cave is now his home.
C) Those attempting the deadly underwater entry.
D) The nuclear weapons the Navy now stores there.
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