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Art of the Western World: "The Classical Ideal" (Pt. I: Greek Art)

1. All of the following are examples of imperfections in Greek society except:

A) Greek society was based on slavery.
B) Women had no rights.
C) The Greeks were imperialists.
D) Democracy was nonexistent.

2. Although we are used to seeing Greek sculptures as stark, white statues, they were originally very:

A) Small.
B) Colorful.
C) Plain.
D) Ugly.

3. The figure of the Kouros shows the idea of the __________, standing proudly independent.

A) God.
B) Group.
C) Individual.
D) Woman.

4. In the Kouros figures, the sculptors have taken the figures' clothes off to show that:

A) Man is the measure of all things.
B) Naked is good.
C) Greek men have better bodies than the gods who made them.
D) Nudity is as important as democracy.

5. There were probably two main functions of the Kouros figures. They were either presented as offerings to the gods, or:

A) Placed in the bedroom for fertility reasons.
B) Placed above a man's grave, reminding the viewer of the prime of the man's life.
C) Presented as offerings to the Pharaoh.
D) Placed at the Olympic Games to honor victorious athletes.

6. The female equivalent of the Kouros is the:

A) Ms. Kouros.
B) Venus of Willendorf.
C) Kylix.
D) Kore.

7. Which sculpture from the early fifth century B.C. represents a "dramatic transition in art"?

A) The Kritian Boy [Standing Youth (Kritios Boy)].
B) The Apollo Belvedere.
C) Michelangelo's David.
D) Mycerinus and His Queen (Menkaure and Khamerernebty).

8. The Zeus statue was not carved from stone, but was modeled in clay and then cast in:

A) Gold.
B) Aluminum.
C) Plastic.
D) Bronze.

9. The Acropolis, the citadel that still dominates Athens, is crowned by:

A) Stonehenge.
B) The Parthenon.
C) The Palace of Minos.
D) EuroDisney.

10. The creators of the Parthenon adapted the traditional temple form, but gave it a sense of __________ despite its massive scale.

A) Lightness.
B) Terror.
C) Humor.
D) Imbalance.

11. The Parthenon was built on the ruins of a temple destroyed by the:

A) Greeks.
B) Egyptians.
C) Russians.
D) Persians.

12. The ancient Athenians admired the inside of the Parthenon, which held a statue of __________ nearly 40 feet high.

A) Elvis.
B) Athena.
C) Zeus.
D) Horus.

13. Under Alexander the Great, the Greek empire spread as far as Asia and:

A) India.
B) America.
C) The North Pole.
D) Great Britain.

14. In the carvings on the Great Altar of Zeus from Pergamum (Pergamon), the struggles of the gods, heroes and giants are shown with a __________ not found in classical Athens.

A) Violence.
B) Texture.
C) Color range.
D) Size.

15. Rome conquered __________ in the middle of the second century B.C.

A) Altamira.
B) Willendorf.
C) Greece.
D) Germany.

16. The Greek "visual language" (or "art") was adopted by the Romans, and then by the:

A) West.
B) East.
C) Persians.
D) Asians.
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