Practice Quiz for Neandertals

No. of Questions= 12

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1 The Neandertals lived mostly in:
a)  Europe
b)  South Africa
c)  Asia
2 The Neandertals lived ________________ years ago.
a) 460,000-410,000
b) 130,000-28,000
c) 20,000-10,000
3 When some paleoanthropologists classify Neandertals as Homo neanderthalensis, they are implying that these people were:
a) in a different species from modern humans
b) a different variety of modern humans
c) not humans
4 The first discoveries of Neandertal fossils were in:
a) Germany in 1856
b) England in the 1880's
c) several Western Europe countries during the early 1800's.
5 Why weren't the Neandertal fossils recognized as the bones of an earlier form of human until the 1860's?
a) The concept of evolution was not widely accepted by scientists until then.
b) The existence of the bones was kept secret until then.
c) Charles Darwin was strongly opposed to the idea.
6 A nearly complete Neandertal skeleton was discovered at La Chapelle-aux-Saints, France in 1908 and analyzed by Marcellin Boule from 1911 to 1913. Which of the following statements is true of that find?
a) It resulted in nearly half a century of incorrect assumptions about Neandertals.
b) It was misinterpreted to be a relatively modern human, possibly an old Roman.
c) It was really a woman who had very likely died in child birth.
7 Compared to modern Europeans, Neandertals were generally:
a) taller
b) heavier boned and more muscular
c) less able to walk bipedally
d) a and b
8 Which of the following statements is true of Neandertals?
a) Their brains were smaller on average than the brains of modern humans.
b) They had pointed chins like most modern Homo sapiens.
c) They had relatively large brow ridges and noses.
9 Which of the following statements is true of human evolution?
a) All parts of the human body evolved simultaneously into our modern form.
b) The human brain increased to the modern size by 2.5 million years ago.
c) There was a period of little or no growth in the human brain size beginning around 1.8 million years ago, lasting until about 800,000 years ago.
10 "Encephalization" is another word for:
a) the brain increasing in size over and beyond that explainable by an increase in body size
b) punctuated evolution
c) mosaic pattern of evolution
11 Which of the following evidence has been put forward recently in support of the contention that Neandertals were members of the same species as Homo sapiens?
a) The fact that there are no anatomical differences between modern humans and Neandertals
b) The discovery that 1-4% of the DNA in modern Europeans and Asians came from Neandertals
c) neither of the above
12 Which of the following statements is true of the Neandertals?
a) Their technology was not sophisticated enough to allow them to remain in Europe during an ice age.
b) They are still living in some areas of Europe.
c) They abandoned Europe after 75,000 years ago when the last major ice age began.
d) none of the above


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