Fall 2005 and 2006 Excavations at
a Late Prehistoric, Kumeyaay Indian Site in Poway
ANTH 120 Students (Fall 2006) ANTH 205 Students (Fall 2006)
Fall 2006 Excavation Photos
Camp Pendleton Field Trip
ANTH 120 Students (Fall 2005) ANTH 205 Students (Fall 2005)
Fall 2005 Excavation Photos
SDI-15547 is a prehistoric Indian site once occupied by the Kumeyaay Indians of San Diego County. It is located along Poway Creek. It was probably occupied sporadically over the last few thousand years but became a major habitation site after A.D. 1300. The site contains abundant bedrock mortars, basins and slicks where acorns and seeds were processed. It also contains abundant flaked and ground stone tools and waste flakes as well as such stone tools as arrowheads, manos for grinding, cores, pestles, hammerstones, and fragments of pottery vessels. The arrowheads are mostly small Cottonwood Triangular points made of obsidian, quartz, and metavolcanic materials. Animal bone is also abundant, primarily deer and rabbit, but also other smaller animals. Obsidian tools and debitage are also present. Some marine shell, two shell beads, three European glass trade beads, and bone hair ornament have also been recovered. Two San Dieguito like biface fragments and two side-notched points have also been recovered at the site and are in the possession of the owner.
The Palomar Archaeology Program was invited to excavate at the site in 1996 by the landowner as the land was projected to be sold for residential development. We excavated there between 1996-1999 and have now returned for the 2005 Fall Beginning and Advanced Excavation Classes (ANTH 120 and 205). This year we have opened up 1x1 m units Nos. 35-46. There are about 35 students in the class. In Fall 2005, we recovered close to a dozen more arrowheads and an Elko Corner-notched point, indicating definite occupation prior to the Late Prehistoric Period. We also documented in detail 25 bedrock milling features within the southern half of the site, including deep conical mortars, saucer mortars, oval basins, cupules, and slicks. We also recovered a portable deep basin metate. Abundant animal bone, Tizon Brownware, groundstone and flaked stone tools, and debitage were also recovered. A fragment of an antler tyne was also found.
In Fall 2006, are excavated primarily behind the former (brick) residence of George McFetridge, Jr. These excavations revealed a rich midden in this area as well, producing several Late Prehistoric projectile points, along with pottery, animal bone, core-cobble tools, debitage, fire-altered rock, and a possible roasting pit feature made of relatively large cobbles. A unit excavated on the edge of the probable house pad of the former residence of George McFetridge, Sr, who passed away in 2005, revealed rich midden deposits under about two feet of compacted fill. The class also recorded the bedrock milling features on the north side of Poway Creek, so that we now have detailed feature data on 29 BRM features at the site.
The students enjoyed the excavation. They took a field trip in September to Camp Pendleton where we saw two large prehistoric Luiseno sites, one with rock art, and also the historic remains of both the Las Flores adobe and Las Flores asistencia.