Course Info: BIOL 101

BIOL 101 General Biology

Section Number 70193

Catalog Description:

Basic principles of general biology as they relate to the cellular, organismic, and population levels of organization. Includes cell ultrastructure and function, energy transfer, reproduction, genetics, evolution, diversity of organisms, and ecology. Not open to students with prior credit in BIOL 100. CSU; UC*; BIOL 101 plus 101L equals CAN BIOL 2. Closed Captioned


Gilardi, J.

Class Meetings (Orientation for this online class):

On Saturday, August 26th
Room: NS-137

Options for Viewing Video Lectures
  1. Cable Television: Cox Cable North – CH 16, Time Warner Cable North – CH 16,
    and AT&T U-verse CH – 99
    See airtimes and specific channel info at: BIOL 101 PDF (Right Click “Save as”)
  2. Webcast online at:

    See the webcast and channel lineup at:
  3. Watch lessons online by logging into Blackboard. See log-in instructions below.
  4. Check out DVDs from the libraries on the San Marcos main campus and the Escondido Education Center.
  5. For more information go to:
Class Outline

Course materials are available the Friday prior to when classes begin. Access your course outline, assignments, handouts and announcements, as well as view video lessons in Blackboard. Log in Blackboard instructions:

PASSWORD: Palomar eServices Password

To log in go to:

Textbook and Other Required Materials:

Please contact instructor at for textbook/online course material.


Required resources: I authored a lecture outline that serves as the script for the videos.  The lecture outline is entitled “Biology: The Fabric of Life (Biology 100/101) Lecture Outline and Study Guide.”   I wrote it, I lectured from it in the videos, and I used it to prepare the course assignments and exams.  You must have the lecture outline to be successful in the class.  Because the lecture outline (and video series) contains graphics from Pearson Publishing, I am required to post the lecture outline on a Pearson Publishing Blackboard website called Course Compass.  You must purchase access to Course Compass.

So, to access the lecture outline you must purchase the text for the course, or access to the publisher’s website, called Course Compass.  Course Compass is a Blackboard webpage for the class hosted by the publisher.  When you go to the bookstore or look online you have these choices:

If you choose the $98.75 option, you will get a password to access to Course Compass; and a hard copy of a college level textbook (Biology: Concepts and Connections) with ebook access.

If you choose the $30.00 option you will only get the access code to Course Compass, which in turn gets you to the lecture outline.

To register you need to provide the following information in addition to the Course Compass Access Code: Course ID = sourbeer84754; Palomar College zip code = 92069.  You will also be asked to submit a password of your own: be aware that the password you submit must be a minimum of 8 characters, and at least one of the characters must be a number.


Video Series:

Biology: The Fabric of Life

Video Lesson Titles:

1) The Nature of Science
Process and product of science; characteristics of quality science.

1.1) Supplement
Anecdotal science (testimonials); placebo effect, blind studies, double blind studies.

2) Basic Chemistry: Atomic Structure
Atomic structure; atomic symbol, mass, number; electron distribution; valence shells, periodic table.

3) Basic Chemistry: Chemical Bonding and Reactions
Ionic and covalent bonds.

4) Biochemistry: General Concepts and Important Inorganics
Organic and inorganic molecules; characteristics of water; acids, bases, and buffers;

4.1) Supplement
Expanded discussion of buffers.

5) Biochemistry: Carbohydrates and Proteins
Structure and function of common carbohydrates; protein structure; factors that affect protein structure; relationship between protein structure and function.

6) Biochemistry: Protein Function and Other Organics
Protein functions (enzymes and other functions); lipids; nucleic acids.

7) Plasma Membranes and Solutions
Membrane structure; solutions; diffusion, osmosis, dialysis; active and facilitated transport.

8) Cells and Their Structures
Surface area to volume ratio; microscopy; prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, and their structures/organelles.

9) Energetics: An Overview
First and second laws of energy; exergonic and endergonic reactions; ATP; overview of photosynthesis and cellular oxidation of glucose; energy flow in nature (food chain and food web); energy pyramid.

10) Energetics: Pieces of the Energy Puzzle
Oxidation and reduction; enzymatic pathways and cycles; photosystems; electron transport systems; substrate level and oxidative(chemiosmotic) phosphorylation.

11) Photosynthesis
Light and dark reactions; stomata control; C-4 and CAM pathways.

12) The Cellular Oxidation of Glucose
Glycolysis and cellular respiration; metabolic relationships between proteins, lipids, and carbohydrates.

13) DNA Structure and Replication
Discovery of DNA 3-D shape; DNA structure; chromosomal replication.

14) Protein Synthesis: Transcription and Translation
DNA vs. RNA; types of RNA; central dogma; transcription and translation.

15) Mutation and Control of Gene Expression
Types and effects of mutation; mechanisms of activating and inhibiting gene expression.

16) Mitosis
Ploidy; cell cycle; stages of mitosis; role in nature; karyotypes.

17) Meiosis and Sexual Reproduction
Role of mitosis and meiosis in sexual reproduction; stages of meiosis; chromosomal abnormalities.

18) Mendel and Single Trait Inheritance
Important terminology; Mendel’s experiments; the six basic single trait crosses.

19) Solving Problems
Single trait crosses; pedigrees; complete and incomplete dominance; multiple alleles; Landsteiner blood types

19.1) Supplement
More Landsteiner; Rh blood types; other human traits

20) Multiple Trait Inheritance
Multiple gene problems; independent assortment.

21) Exceptions to Expected Outcomes
Epistasis; X-linked inheritance; Lyonization; polygenic inheritance

21) Supplement

22) Genetic Technology
DNA fingerprinting technology

23) More Genetic Technology
PCR; gene cloning; recombinant technology/genetic modification; stem cells; organismal cloning

23.1) Supplement
Stem cells

24) Evolution of a Theory
Darwin and other contributors; fitness; homology.

24) Supplement
Defining biological evolution; chemosynthetic theory of origin of life.

25) Modern Evolutionary Theory
Forces and evidence of evolution: inheritance, random genetic change, natural selection.

25.1) Supplement
More on Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium

26) Modern Theory and Speciation
Forces and evidence of evolution: genetic drift and migration; speciation.

27) More Evidence and Human Evolution
Fossil record and intermediate forms; human evolution; punctuated equilibrium; developmental, behavioral, morphological homology

28) Systematics and the Prokaryotic Domains
Defining systematics; classification; traditional and cladistic approaches; Linnaean hierarchy; domains of life; Eubacteria; Archaea

28) Supplement
Prions and viruses

29) Excavates and Other Protists
Protist characteristics; the four Superkingdoms; Examples of Superkingdom Excavata; Examples of Superkingdom SAR

30) Fungi and Primitive Plants
Fungal life cycles: Chytrids, Zygomycota, Basidiomycota, Ascomycota; Algae; Lichens; plant life cycles; vascular tissues; Mosses.

31) Ferns and Conifers
Fern life cycle; seeds; Gymnosperms and life cycles.

32) Flowering Plants & Animal Introduction
Flower structure; Angiosperm life cycle; Monocots and Dicots; Animal characteristics and development

33) Animal Diversity Part 1
Animal systematics through Arthropoda.

34) Animal Diversity Part 2
Animal systematics through Vertebrata.

34) Supplement
Mammalian orders and global distribution.

35) Poplulation Dynamics
Population curves; human population; limiting factors; birth rate; death rate; growth rate; doubling time; net migration; limiting growth

35) Supplement
Disease; modes to control human and nonhuman populations.

36) Ecosystems
Ecosystem structure; marine, aquatic, and terrestrial ecosystems.

36) Supplement
Net primary productivity and biomass.

37) Ecosystem Dynamics
Succession; feedback; synergy; biological magnification; population cycles; techniques for monitoring and evaluating ecosystems.

38) Cycling and Species Management
Nitrogen, phosphorus, carbon-oxygen, and water cycles; endangered species; island ecosystems; corridors; edge effects; alien species; trophic cascade.

38) Supplement
Federal agencies and lands

39) Extinction and Global Concerns
Causes of extinction; greenhouse warming; ozone depletion; other concerns.

39) Supplement I
Global warming.

39) Supplement II
Water and air pollution.