False Cause Fallacies

In Retroduction, the major premiss is a rule which asserts that there is a relationship between one class of objects and another. In the case of Retroduction, this is generally a causal rule i.e. a statement of a known (or presumed) causal regularity. If the rule is false, then there is no causal relationship. The argument is appealing to a causal mechanism that may not exist at all, or at least is not likely to be operating in this case.

The fallacies in the False Cause category are...

Arcane Explanation

Non Causa Pro Causa

Post Hoc Ergo Propter Hoc

Hypothesis Contrary to Fact

Gambler's Fallacy

 

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