In Deduction, the minor premiss is a case, or instance, presumably subsumed under a broader class. If the case is false, then the instance being considered does not really fall into the class it is presumed to fall into. That is, the facts of the matter have been misstated. Hence, a false minor premiss is a misrepresentation of the facts.

The fallacies in this group are fallacious, not because the facts cited are irrelevant to the issue at hand, but simply because the facts cited are not true.

The fallacies in the Misrepresentations category are :


Straw Man

False Equivalency

False Dilemma (but, see also Middle Ground Fallacies)


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