Pinnacles Nat. Mon. Trip #2
Wayne's Word Index Noteworthy Plants Trivia Lemnaceae Biology 101 Botany Scenic Wildflowers Trains Spiders & Insects Search
Pinnacles & Sequoia-Kings Canyon Road Trip #2
     Home        Part 1        Part 2        Part 3        Part 4        Part 5        Part 6        Part 7        Part 8  
Part 2: Coast Range Landscape & Wildflowers
© W.P. Armstrong 22 September 2011
Santa Ynez Valley, Santa Barbara County

Santa Ynez River near Solvang, California.


San Luis Obispo County

San Luis Obispo mariposa lily (Calochortus simulans).

Central Calif. coast prickly-pear (Opuntia phaeacantha).

Delicious "pink Champagne Cake" at San Luis Obispo County's famous Madonna Inn.


Monterey & San Benito Counties

Grassland & blue oaks (Quercus douglasii) and coastal marine later.

Golden grassland & blue oaks (Quercus douglasii) in the Coast Range.

Grassland & blue oaks (Quercus douglasii) in the Coast Range east of King City. The jagged peak in distance is the remnant of an ancient volcano. This remarkable area is within Pinnacles National Monument (See below).

Approximately 25 million years ago the Pinnacles Volcano was born along the contact zone (strike-slip fault) between the North American and Pacific plates. Its original latitude was near present-day Lancaster in the Mojave Desert of southern California. It moved slowly northward along the San Andreas Fault to its present location in coastal central California. At its maximum size it was about 25 miles long, five miles wide and 8,000 feet high, slightly smaller than today's Mount St. Helens in southern Washington. Dissected by faults and earthquakes, frost wedging along joints, and millions of years of erosion; it was gradually transformed into massive rock monoliths and spire-like pinnacles separated by steep rock walls, ravines and deep caves. Most of its volcanic rock is rhyolite, in marked contrast with the surrounding Coast Ranges. Unlike the dark basaltic volcanic rocks of Hawaii and many parts of the western United States, rhyolite is high in silica, making it both light-colored and nonporous. The massive rock formations are colored black, green and red by numerous species of crustose and foliose lichens. Shady, moist rock faces are covered by dense colonies of bright green mosses, with beautiful ferns in the crevices.

  Images Of Pinnacles National Monument Taken In November 2011  


Nearby Agricultural Fields

Field of mustards (Brassica) in full bloom: Possibly a cover crop.

Field of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius). Illustration courtesy of Wikimedia.