Middle Ground Fallacies

The fallacies in this family share the characteristic that they involve confusions concerning what could be called the "middle ground" where exception, compromises, combinations, and distinctions are possible. In most cases the fallacies result from overlooking or ignoring a middle ground that should be taken into account. However, at least two of the fallacies, False Compromise and Phantom Distinction, result from the opposite impulse: trying to find a middle ground where none exists.

The Middle Ground fallacies are...

Dicto Simpliciter, which appears in two forms,


Secundum Quid (Reverse Accident)

False Dichotomy / Black & White Thinking

Slippery Slope

False Compromise

Phantom Distinction

False Dilemma (but, see also Misrepresentations)


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